The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has issued performance standards for electric vehicle batteries to ensure consumer safety, a senior Ministry of Consumer Affairs official said on Thursday.
BIS, the national standards body under the Department of Consumer Affairs, has released the “Performance Standards for Electronic Vehicle Batteries”, the official said.
The “IS 17855:2022” standard has been formulated for lithium-ion traction batteries and systems of electric-powered road vehicles and it has been harmonized with ISO 12405-4:2018, the official added.
According to the official, the new EV battery standard incorporates the test procedure for the basic characteristics of performance, reliability and electrical functionality for the batteries and the system for high-power or high-energy application.
This standard is formulated considering real scenarios for an electric vehicle such as a parked vehicle (the battery is not used for an extended period of time), the battery system is shipped (stored), and the battery is operating at low and high temperature. Accordingly, various tests are incorporated into this standard.
Electric vehicles work with an electric motor and rechargeable batteries. Over the past decade, electric vehicles have gained market visibility and availability. Most electric vehicles use lithium-ion batteries due to their high power-to-weight ratio.
Considering the safety aspect of e-vehicle batteries, BIS is in the process of issuing two more battery standards for various passenger and freight vehicles (L, M and N categories), the official said.