With increasing planting areas and favorable weather conditions, Gujarat is expected to experience bumper summer crops of groundnuts and sesame (til). Farmers in Gujarat got good prices for their peanut yield in the last season as well as this kharif season. Groundnut plantings in the state have increased by more than 26 percent to nearly 60,000 hectares from the last three-year average of 46,800 hectares according to data from the state’s Department of Agriculture.
State peanut traders expect production of around 2 lakh per tonne, more than the average production in the range of 1 lakh to 1.5 lakh tonne.
Groundnut productivity is expected to be higher due to the availability of groundwater in northern Gujarat and parts of the Saurashtra region due to the prolonged monsoon this year, said Samir Shah, chairman of the Association of Edible Oils and Oilseeds of the State of Gujarat.
The quality of the summer peanut crop remains good because there is less risk of disease and pests in hot weather, says CM Patel, joint director of the state’s agriculture department.
In the case of sesame or til, plantings have tripled to reach 97,800 hectares this summer compared to the average of the last three years of 31,000 hectares, or 315% more. In general, the production of til during the summer season remains around 11,000 tonnes, but with a three-fold increase in the seeding areas and the availability of adequate water, traders expect a production of over. 35,000 t this summer.
According to Patel, the state’s two oilseed crops have not been affected by any disease or damage at this time. The harvest of these two oilseeds would be completed by the end of the current month, he added.
Overall, summer plantings in the state broke the 10 lakh mark at 10.35 lakh per hectare, compared to 8.01 lakh on average over the past three years, indicating an increase of nearly 30% of the area. Like oilseeds, summer cereal crops also fell from the past three-year average of 3.02 lakh to 3.48 lakh per hectare. Plantings of legumes have increased from 40,800 hectares to 76,600 hectares in the state.