Researchers at Keio University in Tokyo have applied for approval from the university’s ethics review committee to begin a clinical trial for uterine transplants.
If approved, the procedure — which has not yet been performed in Japan — could pave the way for some women without a functional uterus to have a child without turning to surrogacy or adoption.
The doctors plan to perform the surgery on three women in their 20s and 30s who have Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome, a congenital condition characterized by underdevelopment or the lack of a uterus, or who have had their uterus removed because of cancer.
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